What is burn injury?
Burn injury/scald is a type of injury caused by heat, electricity, chemicals, friction, or radiation.
What you can do in the burn injury:
Early cooling (within the first 30 minutes of injury burn) reduces burn depth and pain, but must be care of over-cooling can result in hypothermia. It should be done by cool water 10°~25°C (50.0~77.0°F) for 15-30 minutes until the pain is improved. Do not use ice water because it will cause further injury. Chemical burns may require extensive irrigation.
Topical burn care:
- The site of injury should be avoid any contact with heat in the future.
- Wounds with 2nd degree should be covered by sterile dressing and maintained dry.
- All patients with more than a second-degree burn may be given a tetanus shot after doctor’s assessment.
- Strong evi¬dence has shown that small blisters (less than 6 mm) should be left intact. However, a deeper injury site may need further debridement. Large blisters with thin walls should be debrided.
- Take medication and change dressing as prescribed. Return to the clinic for follow-up.
- Keep regular observation of the injury. If there are signs of redness, swelling, increased blisters size, abnormal sensation, or fever, then these will require urgent medical attention.
- Hermans, M. H. (2019). An Introduction to burn care. Advances in Sin & Wound care, 32(1), 9-18. doi:10.1097/01.ASW.0000549612.44844.75
- Kwang, C. L., Dretzke, J., Grover, L., Logan, A., & Moiemen, N. (2016). A systematic review of objective burn scar measurements. Burns & Trauma, 4(14), 1-33. doi:10.1186/s41038-016-0036-x.
- UpToDate. (2018, Mar. 27). Treatment of minor thermal burns. Retrieved from https://www.uptodate.com/contents/treatment-of-minor-thermal-burns?search=burn%20injury&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=1