What is burn injury?
Burn injury/scald is a type of injury caused by heat, electricity, chemicals, friction, or radiation.
What you can do in the burn injury:
Early cooling (within the first 30 minutes of injury burn) reduces burn depth and pain, but must be care of over-cooling can result in hypothermia. It should be done by cool water 10°~25°C (50.0~77.0°F) for 15-30 minutes until the pain is improved. Do not use ice water because it will cause further injury. Chemical burns may require extensive irrigation.
Topical burn care:
  1. The site of injury should be avoid any contact with heat in the future.
  2. Wounds with 2nd degree should be covered by sterile dressing and maintained dry.
  3. All patients with more than a second-degree burn may be given a tetanus shot after doctor’s assessment.
  4. Strong evi¬dence has shown that small blisters (less than 6 mm) should be left intact. However, a deeper injury site may need further debridement. Large blisters with thin walls should be debrided. 
  5. Take medication and change dressing as prescribed. Return to the clinic for follow-up. 
  6. Keep regular observation of the injury. If there are signs of redness, swelling, increased blisters size, abnormal sensation, or fever, then these will require urgent medical attention.
  1. Hermans, M. H. (2019).  An Introduction to burn care. Advances in Sin & Wound care, 32(1), 9-18. doi:10.1097/01.ASW.0000549612.44844.75
  2. Kwang, C. L., Dretzke, J., Grover, L., Logan, A., & Moiemen, N. (2016). A systematic review of objective burn scar measurements. Burns & Trauma, 4(14), 1-33. doi:10.1186/s41038-016-0036-x.
  3. UpToDate. (2018, Mar. 27). Treatment of minor thermal burns. Retrieved from https://www.uptodate.com/contents/treatment-of-minor-thermal-burns?search=burn%20injury&source=search_result&selectedTitle=1~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=1
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