- Hepatitis B vaccine is a synthetic inactive vaccine that is effective in preventing hepatitis B infection.
- All newborns are recommended to receive a three-dose series vaccination scheduled at birth, 4 weeks and 6 months old.
- Infants who are born weighing less than 2000 grams (2 kg), with respiratory problems, a congenital deformity or other serious illnesses are not recommended to get Hepatitis B vaccination.
- It is common to have a mild fever and/or soreness or swelling at injection site after vaccination.
- Rest and oral hydration are recommended after vaccination.
What is hepatitis B vaccine?
- Characteristic: An artificial inactive vaccine genetically engineered to prevent hepatitis B infection.
- Inoculation method: intramuscular injection.
- Dosage: 0.5cc each time
- All children should get the first dose within 24 hours after birth, second dose at 1 month, and third dose at 6 months, for three doses in total.
What are the contraindications?
- Infants born weight less than 2000 grams (2 kg).
- People who have respiratory problems, heart function impairment, severe jaundice (total bilirubin >15mg/ml), coma, seizures or other severe illness(es).
- Congenital deformity or severe organ impairment.
- Acute fever.
Reaction after get vaccinated:
- Adverse effects rarely happen. Localized soreness is the most common.
- Swelling and redness of injection site may happen after vaccination.
- Mild fever may also occur.
Self-care after vaccination:
- Drink plenty of water after vaccination.
- Rest as much as possible after vaccination.
- If there is any severe discomfort or anything of concern, please visit your doctor for further evaluation.
- Cheng, Z. Y., Wu, Y. L.& Lin,F.Y.(2021). Pediatric care of Infectious Diseases. In Chen, Y.Z. (Ed.), Practical pediatric care (9th ed., pp274-286).Taipei: Hua Xing press.
- Health Promotion Administration, Ministry of Health and Welfare. (2021). Children’s Health Handbook. Taipei City: Health Administration, Ministry of Health and Welfare.
- Wu,Y.R. (2020). Travel medicine vaccine review. In Huang, G.J. (Ed.), Travel medicine clinic essentials( pp132-147).Training Center for Travel Medicine CDC.Taiwan & NTUH press.